THE DOOMSDAY Clock will remain at 100 seconds to midnight for a third year running.
Keeping the same position means the clock’s keepers believe the threat an apocalypse is as bad as it has been over the last 24 mois.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists hosted a live virtual news conference today to reveal when they think the world will end.
Cette année, it was deemed the world is “no safer than it was at was last year” and the clock will remain at 100 seconds to midnight.
Speakers included Hank Green, Herb Lin, Professor Raymond T. Pierrehumbert, Scott Sagan and Sharon Squassoni.
Two questions are considered when the scientists make their decision – is humanity safer or at greater risk compared to last year, and is humanity safer or at greater risk compared to the last 75 années?
Dr Bronson said there were “several bright spots and many disturbing trends” taking into consideration for the 2022 l'horloge.
“Because humans created these threats, we can reduce them,” Dr Rachel Bronson said.
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Le Doomsday Clock countdown – which acts as a metaphor for global apocalypse – takes into account the likelihood of emerging threats like war breaking out and the impact of Covid as well as advances in biotechnology and artificial intelligence.
Trackers said they considered factors this year like the prolonged pandemic, proliferation of nuclear weapons in Iran, China and North Korea, state-sponsored disinformation campaigns, and disruptive technologies.
Speculation mounted dans 2021 about where the next world war may break out as relationships between Western allies such as the US and UK and their Eastern rivals Russia, Iran, China and North Korea became more fraught than ever.
When have we been close to midnight before?
The Doomsday Clock launched in 1947 at seven minutes to midnight – but the outlook has got worse over time
- Dans 1953 the clock lost five minutes because at the time the US and the Soviet Union were testing nuclear weapons
- Dans 1963 the clock gained those five minutes back because the US and Soviet Union signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty to limit their testing
- Par 1968, France and China developed nuclear weapons and took away five minutes from the clock
- In the early 1970s five minutes was given back after three treaties were signed in regards to nuclear weapons
- toutefois, when India tested a nuclear device in 1974 three minutes were taken away
- Dans 1981, six minutes were lost during the height of nuclear arms race between the US and Soviet union
- Dans 1991 more treaties were signed and the panel awarded 14 minutes
- Par 1998 when India and Pakistan both tested nuclear weapons as well as an increase in military spending by the US a total of eight minutes was taken away
- Dans 2002, another two minutes were taken away because of 9/11
- Dans 2007, two were minutes were lost again because North Korea tested nuclear weapons and Iran’s nuclear ambitious were murky
- 2017 was the first time the panel took away time that was less than a minute as only 30 seconds was lost
There’s also flashpoints of escalating conflict between North Korea and the US seen during the 1990s and when the rhetoric between Kim-Jong Un and Donald Trump escalated.
It comes as intelligence chiefs have warned Russia could invade Ukraine by the end of January with a massive assault involving 100,000 troops and thousands of tanks across ten fronts.
Also to consider is the conflict in Iraq between Iranian and American forces “intensified” after Trump’s decision to withdraw from the nuclear deal in 2018.
The countdown was established in 1947 by experts at the bulletin who were working on the Manhattan Project to design and build the first atomic bomb.
It started at seven minutes to midnight but the outlook has got worse in recent years.
The closer the time to midnight, the closer the world is considered to be to catastrophe.
Dans 2020, the clock lost 20 secondes, pushing it the closest to midnight – and global catastrophe – it has ever been.
L'année dernière, remained at 100 secondes, staying the closest to midnight it has ever been for the second year running amid the devastating effects of the global Covid pandemic.
The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists spent the last six months debating the decision with the Bulletin’s Board of Sponsors, which includes 13 Nobel Laureates.