EVENTS with massive amounts of people can often result in dangerous outcomes.
Here’s everything you need to know about crowd surges.
Qu'est-ce qu'un afflux de foule?
A crowd surge is defined as a quick or sudden movement of a large number of people.
When large gatherings take place, a crowd surge can occur when groups of people start pushing forward in a crowd, making it next to impossible to escape from the formation.
Crowd surges are unfortunately fairly common at group events, such as concerts or festivals.
When one is involved in a crowd surge, a lack of oxygen and space to move or breathe can create panic or tragedy.
A crowd surge can result in injury or even death.
Les plus lus dans World News
How do people die in a crowd surge?
When a massive group of people is confined to a certain space, a crowd surge can push the group into dangerous territory.
While many crowd surges can result in people being trampled by others, the main cause of death or injury in a crowd surge is actually a lack of oxygen.
People can end up being squeezed so tightly that they simply cannot breathe.
Those in the back of a crowd may be pushing forward, while those in the front of the crowd may be pushing back in an attempt to escape.
Because of these opposing forces, many get caught in the middle and a pileup can occur.
Pressure from the crowd can result in unstable breathing conditions.
Bien sûr, stampedes of people can also lead to injury or death through trampling.
To trample is to tread on or to crush, and when large quantities of people are involved, the results can be deadly.
What events have experienced crowd surges?
Throughout history, crowd surges have brought disaster to many events.
En décembre 3, 1979, a crowd surge at The Who concert left 11 dead and many others injured.
At their concert in Cincinnati, thousands of people were gathered at the entryway waiting to be let in. The Who reportedly started their soundcheck late, and the crowd began to think the concert had started without them inside.
This resulted in a crowd surge, with many being trampled and others dying of asphyxiation.
In April of 1989, a similar event occurred at the Hillsborough Stadium in Angleterre. When massive groups of people began to enter the stadium, crowd control wasn’t taken seriously and a crowd surge resulted in the deaths of nearly 100 gens, injuring over 700.
En novembre 5, 2021, a crowd surge at Travis Scott’s Astroworld music festival in Houston resulted in the deaths of eight people, vieilli 14 à travers 27.
The crowd began to surge towards the beginning of the concert, but Travis remained unaware and continued to perform. This resulted in even more chaos, with at least another 25 people severely injured.
How do events prevent a crowd surge?
Events should have certain measurements in place for crowd control.
There should be an emergency plan in place, as well as enough medics and trained professionals to be on standby in case overcrowding should occur.
Director of safety and security for the International Association of Venue Managers, Mark Herrera, has made some comments on how large crowds should be handled.
“Typically what they recommend is one trained crowd manager for every 250 in attendance but we know that that’s not always the case with these large events,” il a dit.
“It’s going to be a challenge whenever you have something that creates mass panic to prevent the crowd density and the crowds from closing in and actually crashing or creating pinch points for people.
“If you have to ask the question: does it look safe for me to go down there and join the crowd? If you have to ask that question, it’s probably a good idea not to.”