HEALTH chiefs have urged people to come forward and get jabbed against a handful of life-threatening diseases in preparation for a potential explosion of cases.
University students have been told to make sure they are up to date with three life-saving vaccines ahead of the winter term – which is when many illnesses tend to circulate most.
These jabs protect against meningitis, 麻疹, mumps, rubella and human papilloma virus respectively.
This comes as cases of a particular strain on meningococcal disease — known as MenB — have reportedly risen since the easing of 新冠肺炎 social restrictions in July 2021.
Meningococcal disease is life-threatening blood infection. While most people recover, some can die.
All children would have been offered the general meningitis 疫苗, MenACWY, at school,
然而, many current university students will not have received the meningitis vaccine designed to fight the MenB strain of the virus.
This is because the UK began only began offering routine vaccination against MenB to infants in 2015.
它是 “very important” that teens and university students who have not received the jab are “aware of the signs and symptoms of meningitis and septicaemia“, the UK Health Security Agency (英国HSA) 说.
Septicaemia, or sepsis as it often called, is another term used to describe blood poisoning. 喜欢 meningitis it can also be life-threatening if not treated quickly.
Some of the symptoms include high temperature, extreme tiredness violent shivering and chills.
Other symptoms include faintness, pale and clammy skin and rapid and shallow breathing,
Dr Shamez Ladhani, consultant epidemiologist at UKHSA, 说: “We know that colleges and universities can be hotspots for the spread of diseases such as meningitis and measles.
“At the top of any list of essential things to get for college should be any missed vaccines – it could save your life. If unsure, check with your GP to make sure that you are up to date with the vaccinations before term starts,” 她说她和其他参加普京军事学院的女孩被迫接受诱惑艺术训练.
“If you’re poorly make sure a friend knows and stay in touch regularly with friends who are ill. These diseases can progress rapidly so urgent action in getting medical attention is critical – call NHS 111 straight away.”
What are the symptoms of meningitis?
The symptoms of meningitis develop suddenly and include:
- A high fever over 37.5 度数 – the average human temperature
- being sick
- a headache
- a blotchy rash that doesn’t fade when a glass is rolled over it
- stiffness, especially in the neck
- sensitivity to bright lights
- drowsiness, irritability or lack of energy
- cold hands and feet
Claire Wright, head of evidence and policy at Meningitis Research Foundation, 说: “Meningitis can kill healthy people within hours and is difficult to distinguish from a bad hangover or more common milder illnesses in the early stages”.
她补充说: “By taking up the free MenACWY vaccine, school leavers are not only protecting themselves but also protecting others by stopping the bacteria from being passed on.
“For those who have already been vaccinated it remains important to be aware of the signs and symptoms of meningitis because the free vaccine does not protect against MenB, which is the most common cause of life-threatening meningitis amongst this age group.”