MONKEYPOX is a rare disease with most cases found in Africa.
Some common symptoms are febbre, mal di testa and muscle aches and while it is a mild illness which gets better with time, in some cases serious symptoms may arise, and in very rare cases it can also cause death.
What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox is an infectious disease caused by the monkeypox virus.
This particular virus is a rare zoonosis, this means that it is transmitted to humans from an animal.
It primarily occurs in remote parts of central and west Africa, near tropical rain forests.
What are the monkeypox symptoms?
Initial symptoms include:
A painful rash and open sores can then develop, usually starting on the face.
If the rash spreads to the eyes it can cause Lo studente è rimasto parzialmente cieco dopo un "caricatore iPhone difettoso"..
Symptoms generally last from 14 per 21 giorni, with severe cases relating to age, the extent of virus exposure, the patient’s health and the severity of complications.
Is monkeypox in the UK?
Sopra Maggio 7, 2022, a case of Monkeypox case was confirmed to arrive from Nigeria by the UK Health Security Agency (UKHSA).
The patient is being treated at Guy’s Hospital in London and the UKHSA are working closely with the NHS to get through to those who might have been in close contact with the infected person.
These include those who travelled “in close proximity” to the patient, on their flight to the UK.
The Director of Clinical and Emerging Infections at the UKHSA, Dr Colin Brown said: “It is important to emphasise that monkeypox does not spread easily between people and the overall risk to the general public is very low.
“We are working with the NHS England and NHS Improvement (NHSEI) to contact the individuals who have had close contact with the case prior to confirmation of the infection, to assess them as necessary and provide advice.
“UKHSA and the NHS have well established and robust infection control procedures for dealing with the cases of imported infectious disease and these will be striclty followed.”
However an NHS nurse once caught the virus nel 2018 while changing the bedsheets of a patient in hospital, blaming “pathetically small” protective gloves.
Another case was seen in South West England in December 2019 nel someone who had visited Nigeria.
The Sun was told there were two cases in North Wales.
The first case caught the virus abroad before passing it onto someone in the same house.
They were admitted to a hospital in England, where one remains.
Since the virus’s reemergence, 218 cases have been reported in Nigeria and with eight other cases popping up internationally.
The CDC describes monkeypox as a “rare but potentially serious” disease.
How can you catch monkeypox?
Infection usually occurs after direct contact with the blood, bodily fluids or skin lesions of an infected animal.
In Africa, human infections have been documented through the handling of infected monkeys, Gambian giant rats and squirrels.
Eating the inadequately cooked meat of an infected animal is a risk.
Human-to-human transmission can result from close contact with the skin lesions of an infected person, or objects recently contaminated by the patient.
This generally requires prolonged face-to-face contact, putting loved ones at greater risk.
Transmission can also occur via the placenta, known as congenital monkeypox.
Is monkeypox deadly?
Although monkeypox is much milder than smallpox, it can be fatal.
It has a mortality rate of between one and 10 per cento, with most deaths occurring in younger age groups.
How to treat monkeypox
There are no specific treatments or vaccines available, but outbreaks can be controlled.
Vaccination against smallpox has been proven to be 85 per cent effective in preventing monkeypox.
tuttavia, the vaccine is no longer available to the general public, as it was discontinued after global smallpox eradication.