UK doctors told to be on high alert for Ebola as outbreak in Uganda kills 10

DOCTORS in the UK have been told to be on high alert after an Ebola outbreak in Uganda killed 10 人们.

Health officials say the risk to the public in the UK is very low and there are currently no cases of the disease confirmed in the UK.

Doctors in Uganda at an Ebola isolation centre

Doctors in Uganda at an Ebola isolation centre信用: 美联社

Uganda has been hit by the Sudan strain of the deadly virus, for which there is currently no proven vaccine.

有过 43 confirmed cases in the country with four health workers among the 10 people confirmed to have died.

The UK Health Security Agency (英国HSA) says it’s currently monitoring the outbreak of the 疾病.

A public health alert has been issued urging healthcare professionals to look out for symptoms in patients who have recently returned from affected areas

It also reminds them of the established procedures for infection control and testing.

Dr Meera Chand, UKHSA Director of Clinical and Emerging Infection, 说: “UKHSA constantly monitors emerging infection threats in collaboration with partners across the world.

We are aware of an outbreak of Ebola cases in Uganda and are monitoring the situation closely. The risk to the public in the UK is very low.”

Uganda has had multiple Ebola outbreaks, including one in 2000 that killed more than 200 人们.

The current Ebola outbreak in central Uganda has a 69 per cent case fatality rate.

Ugandan scientists and their partners abroad are looking to deploy one of two possible vaccines against the Sudan strain, the World Health Organisation has said.

But the UN body said there are currently 100 doses of available.

同时, the US government has said it will be screening all travellers from Uganda for Ebola.

What are the symptoms of Ebola?

virus has an incubation period of two to 21 天, meaning symptoms can take up to three weeks to appear from the time of infection.

Early symptoms of Ebola include:

They are similar to those of other diseases, making diagnosis tricky in some cases.

之后, as the disease progresses, it can cause:

  • 腹泻
  • vomiting
  • 皮疹
  • impaired kidney and liver function
  • stomach pain
  • internal and external bleeding

The Ebola virus diseasepreviously called Ebola haemorrhagic feveris a viral infection that occurs in humans and primates.

It causes an acute, serious illness which is often fatal when left untreated.

The virus begins with symptoms including fever, intense fatigue, muscle pain and a sore throat, before progressing to vomiting and diarrhoea as well as internal and external bleeding.

The virus is part of the Filoviridae family, which also includes the Marburg virus.

It was first detected in regions close to the River Ebola, which gave the disease its name.

How is Ebola treated?

There is currently no available medication to prevent or treat Ebola, although a range of experimental drugs are in development.

People who have the infection are treated in isolation in intensive care.

Ebola is very contagious and spreads through contact with the blood, body fluids or organs of a person or animal with the infection.

Ebola cannot be caught through routine social contact such as shaking hands with people who do not have symptoms.